All About Bleeding Heart Plants

bleeding heart plant

Bleeding heart plant, scientifically known as Lamprocapnos spectabilis, is a gorgeous flowering plant that can add a splash of color and beauty to any garden. It is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to grow and care for, making it a popular choice among gardeners.

They are native to Japan, China, and Korea and are often grown in gardens and landscapes for their attractive flowers and foliage. Bleeding heart plants can grow up to 2-3 feet tall and wide, and they are perfect for adding color and texture to any garden. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to grow and care for bleeding heart plant.

Types of Bleeding Heart Plant:

Here are the types of bleeding heart mentioned:

Lamprocapnos spectabilis ‘Alba’

This type of bleeding heart produces pure white, heart-shaped flowers that bloom in the spring. It grows to be about 2-3 feet tall and prefers partial shade to full shade.

Lamprocapnos spectabilis ‘Gold Heart’

This variety has bright golden-yellow foliage that contrasts beautifully with its pink and white heart-shaped flowers. It grows to be about 2-3 feet tall and prefers partial shade to full shade.

Lamprocapnos spectabilis ‘Valentine’

This bleeding heart has deep red, heart-shaped flowers that bloom in the late spring to early summer. It grows to be about 2-3 feet tall and prefers partial shade to full shade.

bleeding heart plant

Black Bleeding Hearts

Black bleeding hearts, also known as ‘black heart’ bleeding hearts, are not a naturally occurring variety of the plant. Instead, they are a type of novelty plant that has been selectively bred to produce darker foliage and flowers. The flowers of black bleeding hearts are typically a deep, dark red or burgundy color, and the foliage may be a deep purple or almost black color.

How To Grow?

It’s a low maintenance plant that is easy to grow. The flowers of the bleeding heart plant are commonly associated with love and emotion, as they symbolize the vulnerability and fragility of the human heart. They are often given as gifts on Valentine’s Day or as a gesture of love and appreciation. In some cultures, bleeding heart plants are also used for medicinal purposes due to their anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.


The best time to plant bleeding heart plants is in the spring or fall, when the weather is cooler. When selecting a location, choose a spot that receives partial to full shade, as these plants prefer cooler temperatures. The soil should be moist and well-draining, with a pH level of 6.0 to 7.0. Before planting, prepare the soil by adding organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure. Dig a hole that is slightly larger than the root ball, and plant the bleeding heart at the same depth as it was in the container. Water thoroughly after planting.


When choosing a location for your bleeding heart plant, make sure to select a spot that gets partial to full shade. Avoid planting your bleeding heart in areas that receive direct sunlight for more than a few hours a day, as this can cause the plant to wilt and become stressed.

red bleeding heart


Bleeding heart plants prefer moist, well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. To prepare the soil for planting, mix in a generous amount of compost or well-rotted manure.


Bleeding heart plants require consistent moisture, so water them regularly during the growing season. Make sure the soil is moist, but not waterlogged, as too much water can lead to root rot. Adding a layer of mulch around the base of the plant can help retain moisture and keep the roots cool.


Bleeding heart plants benefit from regular fertilization with a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer. Apply fertilizer in the spring and fall, following the package instructions for the recommended amount. Fertilize the plant once a month during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer to promote healthy growth.


Pruning bleeding heart plant is essential to maintain its shape and prevent overgrowth. It is best to prune the plant in the late fall or early winter after the blooming season has ended. Cut back any dead or damaged branches and remove any overcrowded growth to encourage healthy growth in the upcoming season. Pruning is important for bleeding heart plants because it helps to promote healthy growth and prevent the plant from becoming too crowded or leggy. It also helps to maintain the plant’s shape and appearance.

Winter Care

In colder climates, it’s important to protect bleeding heart plants during the winter months. After the first frost, cut back the foliage to the ground, and cover the area with a layer of mulch or straw. This will help protect the roots from freezing temperatures. In the spring, remove the mulch and any dead foliage, and the plant will start to grow again.


Bleeding heart plant can be propagated through division or seeds. Division is the most common method of propagation and should be done in the early spring when the plant is still dormant. Dig up the plant, and divide the roots into smaller sections, each containing at least one healthy stem.

Growing From Seed

Bleeding hearts can be grown from seed by starting them indoors in late winter or early spring, or by direct sowing outdoors in the fall. To start indoors, sow the seeds in a potting mix and keep them moist and warm until they germinate.

Once the seedlings have developed their second set of true leaves, they can be transplanted to individual pots and grown until the last frost has passed. After that, they can be planted outdoors in a partially shaded area with rich, well-draining soil.

The best growing season for bleeding hearts is typically in the spring, as they prefer cooler temperatures and may go dormant in the summer heat.

Common Pests and Diseases

Bleeding heart plants are susceptible to certain pests and diseases, such as aphids, slugs, snails, and powdery mildew. To prevent these problems, keep the plants well-watered and fertilized, and make sure there is good air circulation around them. If pests or diseases do appear, treat them immediately with an insecticide or fungicide.

Potting and Repotting

When potting bleeding heart, choose a container with good drainage and fill it with a well-draining potting mix. Place the plant in the center of the container and backfill with potting soil, leaving about an inch of space at the top. Water the plant well and place it in a location with partial shade.

When it comes to repotting bleeding heart, it’s best to do so in the spring before the new growth emerges. Gently remove the plant from its container and inspect the roots for any signs of damage or disease.

If the roots are healthy, gently loosen them and repot the plant in a slightly larger container with fresh potting mix. Water the plant well after repotting and place it in partial shade until it has acclimated to its new container.

Bleeding Heart Symbolism

Bleeding heart plants symbolize many things like love, even unconditional love. At the same time, the heart shaped plant can represent heartbreak and sorrow. The heart shaped flower is also associated with new love, grace and beauty.


    Bleeding heart plants are a beautiful addition to any garden or landscape, but they require specific care and attention to thrive. By following the tips outlined in this article, you can successfully grow and care for bleeding heart plants.

    Remember to plant them in a shaded location with well-draining soil, water them regularly, fertilize once a month, prune them in the fall, and protect them during the winter months. With proper care, your bleeding heart plants will reward you with their stunning heart-shaped flowers and foliage year after year.

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