Trachelospermum asiaticum, commonly known as the Asiatic Jasmine, is unsurprisingly native to Asia. The plant will create ground covering mats, and because of this, the plant can become quickly invasive. This plant is mostly used to cover grounds and because it does exactly what you’d expect it will probably start competing with other plants growing nearby.
It can also choke out perennials, shrubs, and annuals. What makes the plant elegant is the fact that it can climb the trunks of trees and buildings. The Asiatic Jasmine is a woody, evergreen vine-like plant. Because of its easy-care routine, toughness, and drought tolerance, it is great for low-maintenance ground cover.
You can also place the plant in a hanging basket, making any environment a bit more magical with its appearance. This jasmine does have flowers, which are small, yellow, and pinwheel-shaped. The flowers emit a fragrant similar to the smell of jasmines.
Grow & Care
When deciding the placement for this plant make sure to plant them one and a half feet (45 cm) apart from one another. The Asiatic jasmine will fill in entirely after two growing seasons. What makes caring for them is their ability to withstand most winter temperatures.
The lowest temperature they will tolerate and survive would be 10 °F (-12.2 °C). If you do not want to plant your jasmine in your garden you can have the plant in a pot as well. You can grow your Asiatic Jasmine outdoors in the USDA Hardiness Zones 7b to 10. The Asiatic Jasmine will thrive in temperatures between 60 to 75 °F (15.5 to 23.8 °C).
Types of Asiatic Jasmine
There are many cultivars of Asiatic Jasmine, we have brought out a few in a list below:
- Snow-N-Summer – color-changing foliage, from pink and white to deep green and back to white as the plant matures. with yellow showy flowers.
- Variegatum – variegated green leaves with speckles and white borders.
- Winter Beauty – has copper-colored leaves during spring changing into a deep green over time.
- Goshiki – very sturdy even through winter, mature leaves have a yellow base color with green margins, immature leaves orange-red colored, flowers turn from creamy-white to yellow as the plant matures.
- Summer Sunset – as you can guess from the name it loves being under the sun, the leaves and flowers have vibrant colors like green and yellow.
- Long Leaf – as the name suggests this variation has long deep green leaves, blessing viewers with creamy-white flowers in the summer.
This jasmine will do well in partial shade and full sun. In western or southern exposures, meaning the rear of your houses or living spaces is towards the south or west, it will do best with partial shade because of the hot midday or afternoon sun.
Usually, this jasmine would need about six hours of full sun and two to four hours of partial shade in a day. Make sure to keep an eye on your plant, to spot sunburnt leaves. If you wish to move a potted Asiatic Jasmine outdoors, do that by gradually moving the pot from shaded environments to more sunny ones.
All parts of the plant are very toxic to humans and animals alike. If any part of the plant is consumed contact a doctor immediately. The plant also emits a white sap that can cause swelling and irritation upon contact.
When first planted the soil must be kept moist until the plant is established. Keeping the soil moist until the plant is established will help the jasmine to grow strong reliable roots. For the first month of growing, water the jasmine every three to four days.
From there you can water your plant once a week for about three to four months. Once the jasmine is established and has strong roots it will come to be more tolerant to drought. If your Asiatic Jasmine is kept in a pot you should water it more frequently, two or three times a week, especially if the weather is hotter. Make sure to not let the soil dry out completely.
If the first inch (2.5 cm) of the soil is dry you can water it again. Overwatering can cause root rot. Because the Asiatic Jasmine is a tropical plant it will thrive in more humid conditions. Remember not to mist your indoors growing jasmine as this can cause powdery mildew. The average indoor humidity levels will do just fine for jasmine growing indoors.
Soil & Fertilizer
Asiatic jasmine is not picky of its soil as long it provides good drainage. The soil for the Asiatic Jasmine should have a pH level of 5.5 to 7.0, meaning acid to slightly acidic. Thanks to its toleration of different soils it will be a breeze to care for this plant.
Feeding should be done with a slow-release fertilizer. If you want to deepen the greening of foliage you can add iron and sulfur as well. You should fertilize your Asiatic Jasmine in early spring and again in late summer. Remember to cease fertilizing 2 months before the first frost in your area.
You should start fertilizing your Asiatic Jasmine after new growth surfaces but before the flower buds appear. Throughout its growing season, which is the spring, make sure to feed your plant every four to six weeks.
Asiatic Jasmine requires pruning and mowing at least once a year, preferably in the spring. Doing this will reduce the risk of diseases and will help keep an attractive appearance, as well as help control the plant better. Cut the stems to the ground, you can also mow them at ground level to clear all the stems and leaves. Because this jasmine grows energetically it will be able to withstand aggressive pruning.
You can propagate the Asiatic Jasmine using a cutting:
- Use clean and sharp shears, scissors, or a knife.
- Cut a five or six-inch (12 to 15 cm) cutting from the tip of a healthy and green shoot.
- Acquire a four-inch (10 cm) pot with large drainage holes.
- Fill the pot with the recommended potting soil.
- Pot the cutting into the soil.
- Water every day ensures the soil is constantly moist and never dries out.
- New growth should appear in about a month.
Because this jasmine likes being tight and snug in its container, repotting will not be required frequently. When there are more roots than soil in the pot and the jasmine requires more frequent watering, you know it’s time to repot your Asiatic Jasmine.
To remove the ball of root from the pot tap on the sides of the pot and gently pull the plant from its pot. Make sure to check for any black or damaged roots, if found remove the unusable roots with clean and sharp scissors, shears, or a knife. Remember to loosen up the root ball with your hands to remove any of the old soil and untangle the roots.
If you notice any roots that might have wrapped themselves around the root ball, make sure to cut those away. An important step is to make four fairly spaced, vertical slices on the sides of the root ball. By doing this you will encourage the growth of new fresh roots.
Finally, plant your jasmine into your new pot, preferably two inches (5 cm) bigger across than the previous pot. After that, ensure to water the soil, keeping it moist and not letting it dry out completely. Place the pot where the plant can get the recommended amount of sunlight a day.
Luckily for you, the Asiatic Jasmine is rarely bothered by any serious problematic diseases. A disease you should look out for would be leaf spot which is caused by the fungus Cercospora. Thankfully this fungus does not require the use of a fungicide.
To reduce the development and spread of this disease make sure to reduce moisture. Reducing watering and moister will help rid your plant of the fungus over time. Keep an eye on your plant to spot diseases early for easy treatment. The signs of this fungus are individual light brown or tan spots with purplish-red borders on the leaves.
Many moth and butterfly species like to consume jasmine leaves until they have reached maturity, other pests you might encounter are aphids, whiteflies, scales, and mites. To rid your plant of any of these pests try firstly using non-toxic methods.
A non-toxic solution would be to use a mixture of soap and water. Spray the solution onto the plant, this will clog up the breathing systems of the pests. If you know for sure what pests you are dealing with use the specific pesticide to not kill off any needed plants.
If you treat and care for your jasmine the right way it should be able to withstand these occasional visitations from pests. Keep an eye on your Asiatic Jasmine to spot the pests early for easy removal.
This tough, easy-care, and beautiful jasmine will give your garden or indoor environment layers of elegance and beauty. This beautiful jasmine will spread and provide excellent woody ground cover. You should be able to find this plant from any plant provider. Because of its tough qualities and easy-care routine, it will be a great choice for beginner gardening enthusiasts.