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How To Grow and Care for Maiden Grass?

Miscanthus sinensis Gracillimus

You need rows of maiden grass if you want a plant that can spice up your garden.

This ornamental grass has long, graceful blades that dance in the wind and make a relaxing noise.

But don’t be fooled by its gentle looks.

Maiden grass is a tough cookie that can handle anything you throw at it.

Well, maybe not fire or scissors.

This article will show you how to plant, prune, and protect maiden grass without hurting yourself or the plant. Get ready to grow your maiden grass and admire its beauty year-round.

What Is Maiden Grass?

Maiden grass, also known as Miscanthus sinensis, is a popular ornamental grass originating in Asia.

It is a perennial grass member of the Poaceae family, also known as the grass family.

Maiden Grass leaves are narrow. They arch over the stems, creating a fountain-like effect. They can be green, variegated, or striped with different colors.

Maiden flowers attract birds and butterflies.

The grass produces fluffy flower heads in late summer or early fall.

It will start out as coppery or pinkish and then turn into silvery-white plumes that persist through winter.

Maiden Grass Is a Cut Above the Rest

Maiden grass can grow up to 9 feet (2.7 m) tall and must be pruned in late winter or early spring before new growth appears.

You might need a ladder to trim its flowers or leaves, or you can just let it grow naturally and enjoy its graceful and elegant appearance from afar.

Varieties of Maiden Grass

Some of the popular varieties of maiden grass include the following:

  • Gracillimus: A classic variety with fine green leaves and silver flowers that grows up to 8 feet (2.4 m) tall.
  • Morning Light: A compact variety with delicate green and white variegated leaves and pinkish flowers that grows up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall.
  • Purpurascens: A colorful variety with reddish-purple leaves in summer and fall and coppery flowers.
  • Gold Bar: A striking variety with horizontal yellow stripes on green leaves and gold flowers that grows up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall.

Use of Maiden Grass

Maiden flowers have an aesthetic appeal perfect for dried arrangements.

In the garden, Maiden grass is versatile for many purposes; some of the common uses are:

  • Focal point or specimen plant in a mixed border or a large container
  • Backdrop or screen for other plants or structures
  • Mass planting or ground cover for large areas
  • Accent or contrast for other colors and textures
  • Source of movement and sound in the breeze

Growing Maiden Grass

Miscanthus sinensis
Source: Wikimedia

Maiden Grass can thrive in some of the harshest conditions. But you must take some steps to ensure optimal growth and performance.

Here are some tips on how to grow maiden grass successfully.

Choose the Right Location for Planting

Maiden grass needs full sun to produce the best flowers and foliage colors.

It can tolerate partial shade but may become floppy or less colorful.

Avoid planting it in too windy or exposed areas, as it may break or bend.

Prepare the Soil for Planting

Maiden grass can grow in most soil types as long as they are well-drained and not too wet.

It prefers a neutral to acidic pH but can adapt to alkaline soils.

You can improve the soil quality by adding some organic matter, such as compost or manure, before planting.

Plant the Maiden Grass in the Prepared Area

You can buy maiden grass plants from nurseries or online sources or propagate them from divisions or seeds.

If you are using plants, follow these steps:

  1. Dig a hole twice as wide and deep as the plant’s root ball.
  2. Gently loosen the roots and place the plant in the hole, ensuring the crown is leveled with the soil surface.
  3. Fill the hole with soil and firm it around the plant. Space the plants according to their mature size, usually 3 to 6 feet (0.9-1.8 m) apart.

If you use divisions or seeds, follow the same steps but adjust the hole size and spacing accordingly.

Water the Grass Adequately

Maiden grass needs regular watering during its first year of establishment, especially during hot and dry periods.

Keep the soil moist but not soggy, and avoid overwatering or underwatering.

Once established, maiden grass is drought-tolerant and can survive with occasional watering.

Fertilize the Grass To Promote Healthy Growth

Maiden grass does not need much fertilizer, but you can apply a balanced fertilizer in spring and summer to boost its growth and flowering.

Follow the label instructions and do not overfeed the plant, which may cause excessive foliage and fewer flowers.

Use Mulch To Protect the Roots and Retain Moisture

Mulching around the base of the plant can help prevent weeds, conserve water, and moderate soil temperature.

You can use organic mulch, wood chips or bark, or inorganic mulch, gravel, or stones.

Do not pile the mulch too high or close to the stem, as it may cause rotting or pest problems.

Caring for Maiden Grass

Miscanthus sinensis Strictus
Source: Wikimedia

As you watch your Maiden Grass bloom with its appealing colors, you must actively take steps to keep it healthy and attractive throughout the year.

Here are some tips on caring for maiden grass.

Prune the Grass in Early Spring

In winter, maiden grass can look messy and unappealing as the leaves and flowers turn brown and dry.

Cut back the entire plant to about 6 inches (15 cm) above the ground before new shoots emerge in early spring.

Use sharp shears or a saw to make clean cuts and avoid damaging the plant.

An old trick is to tie the stems together before cutting. It makes the process easier and neater.

Divide the Grass Every Few Years

Maiden grasses can become too large or crowded over time. This can make it look wobbly and frail.

Divide the plant every three to five years in spring or fall to prevent overcrowding.

To do this, dig up the entire clump and cut it into smaller sections with a sharp knife or spade.

Make sure each section has some roots and shoots attached. Replant the sections in new locations or give them away to friends or neighbors.

Possible Problems of Maiden Grass

Maiden grass is generally resistant to most pests and diseases but occasionally suffers from problems.

Some of the common issues are described below.


Rust causes orange or brown spots on the leaves.

It can be prevented by watering the plant from below and avoiding wetting the foliage.

It can be treated by removing the infected leaves or applying a fungicide.


Aphids are small insects that suck the sap from the plant and cause yellowing or curling of the leaves.

They can be controlled by spraying the plant with water or insecticidal soap or by introducing natural predators such as ladybugs or lacewings.

Spider Mites

Spider mites feed on the plant and cause fine leaf webbing and speckling.

They can be deterred by keeping the plant well-watered and dust-free.

They can be eliminated by spraying the plant with water or miticide or by releasing predatory mites.


Large animals like deer can browse on the plant and damage its foliage and flowers.

They can be discouraged by fencing the area, applying repellents, or planting deer-resistant plants around the maiden grass.


There is no doubt Maiden grass can add beauty and charm to any garden.

It is easy to grow and care for and attracts birds and butterflies like a magnet.

It also grows very tall, so you can use it to hide from your annoying neighbors.

Whatever you do with it, you will love maiden grass.

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