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How To Grow Coriander?

Coriander seeds

Are you looking to add some flavor to your garden and kitchen? Look no further than Coriander!

Not only is it easy to grow, but it’s packed with nutrients and adds a unique taste to your dishes.

Growing Coriander at home can be a great way to ensure you always have fresh herbs on hand. But before you start sowing those seeds, let’s go over some basics about this versatile plant and how to grow it successfully.

What Is Coriander?

Coriander, also known as cilantro or Chinese parsley, is a herb that has a unique and distinctive flavor. It is a versatile herb in various dishes, from Mexican salsa to Indian curries.

The plant grows to about 12-20 in (30-50 cm) tall and has a taproot and delicate, feathery leaves. Coriander leaves are used as an herb, and the seeds are used as a spice.

Coriander seeds
Source: Wikimedia

Coriander is also known for its health benefits. The herb is rich in antioxidants, anti-inflammatory compounds, and essential oils that benefit the body. So not only does it add flavor to your dishes, but it also adds some nutritional value.

But before you start growing, it’s important to note that some people have a genetic aversion to Coriander and find the taste soapy. So, be sure to check with your taste buds before you start planting.

Coriander is a herb that should be in every gardener’s arsenal. Let’s move on to the next step: learn how to grow this tasty herb.

Coriander Leaf Is Medicinal

Coriander is not only used in cooking as a herb but also in traditional medicine to treat various ailments such as digestion problems, loss of appetite, and sore throat.

How To Grow Coriander Outdoors?

Growing Coriander outdoors is an excellent option for those with a backyard or garden space.

You’ll have a bountiful harvest of fresh Coriander with the right location, soil, and care.

Choosing the Right Location

Coriander prefers full sun to partial shade and cooler temperatures.

So, if you live in an area with hot summers, it’s best to plant Coriander in the spring or fall.

Preparing the Soil

Coriander prefers well-drained, fertile soil.

If your soil is heavy or clay-like, it’s a good idea to amend it with compost or other organic matter to improve drainage.

Sowing the Seeds

When sowing Coriander seeds, plant them about 1/4 inch (0.6 cm) deep and about 1 inch (2.5 cm) apart.

Keep the soil consistently moist until seedlings appear, which usually takes about 7-14 days.

Caring for the Plants

Coriander plants
Source: Wikimedia

Once your Coriander seedlings appear, keep the soil consistently moist but not soggy. You may need to thin the plants out to about 6 inches (15 cm) apart as the plants grow.

Coriander also prefers regular fertilization, so add a balanced fertilizer every 2-3 weeks.

Harvesting the Leaves and Seeds

Coriander leaves can be harvested as soon as they are big enough to use. Be sure to pick the leaves from outside the plant, leaving the center leaves to grow.

The seeds can be harvested when they turn brown and begin to fall off the plant.

Harvest Coriander Leaves Before the Plant Flowers.

Coriander can quickly bolt (produce seeds) in hot weather. Bolting signals the end of the plant’s life cycle and can be prevented by growing Coriander in cooler temperatures or indoors. So, keep an eye on the weather and harvest the leaves before the plant flowers to avoid bolting.

How To Grow Coriander Indoor?

Growing Coriander indoors is an excellent option for those without a backyard or garden space.

With the suitable container, soil, and care, you’ll have a bountiful harvest of fresh Coriander right in your home.

Choosing the Right Container

When growing Coriander indoors, choosing a container with drainage holes and large enough for the plant to grow is crucial.

A 12-inch (30-cm) diameter container should be sufficient for a single Coriander plant.

Preparing the Soil

Like when growing Coriander outdoors, it’s vital to use well-drained, fertile soil.

You can use a commercial potting mix or make your own by mixing equal parts of peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite.

Sowing the Seeds

Coriander seeds are tiny, so you’ll need to use a fine-mesh seed sifter or screen when planting them. If you don’t have one, try using a fine mesh strainer or cheesecloth.

Coriander seeds can be planted directly into the soil, but starting them inside is more effortless.

Fill the plastic pot with potting soil and water until moistened. Sprinkle a few Coriander seeds on top of the soil, then cover them with a thin layer of dirt.

Keep the container in a sunny location until germination begins (about two weeks).

Caring for the Plants

Once your Coriander seedlings appear, it’s time to start caring for them. Keep the soil consistently moist but not wet, and place your pots in a sunny spot where they’ll get at least 6 hours of sunlight each day.

When the plants reach about 2 inches (5 cm) tall, pinch off any leaves that grow above this height, as these will be too bitter for eating.

Harvesting the Leaves and Seeds

As the plants mature, you can start harvesting the leaves and seeds.

They taste best when harvested after the first frost when their flavor is strongest.

Caring for Coriander Problems

Growing Coriander is generally considered a low-maintenance crop, but a few common issues may arise.

Bolting

Bolting is when a Coriander plant produces seeds instead of leaves. This is often caused by hot weather or a lack of moisture.

To prevent bolting, it’s essential to keep the soil consistently moist and consider planting in the spring or fall when temperatures are cooler.

Pests

Coriander can be affected by pests such as aphids, spider mites, and thrips.

To prevent pests, keep the area around the plants clean and debris-free. You can also use natural pest control methods such as neem oil or insecticidal soap.

Diseases

Coriander can also be affected by powdery mildew and leaf spot.

To prevent diseases, ensure proper drainage and avoid overcrowding the plants. You can also use a natural fungicide, such as a mixture of baking soda and water.

Regularly inspecting Coriander plants, and taking preventative measures such as crop rotation and proper fertilization, can help prevent common problems from arising.

Conclusion

Growing Coriander is a great way to enjoy fresh and flavorful herbs in your cooking.

Coriander is a low-maintenance crop that prefers cooler temperatures, well-drained soil, and full sun to partial shade.

With the right location, container, and care, you’ll be able to grow your Coriander both indoors and outdoors.

Keep an eye on pests and diseases and prevent them by taking preventative measures.

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