Peperomia caperata ‘Frost’, otherwise known as Peperomia Frost, is native to the tropical rainforests of Brazil. Perfect for beginner gardeners or busy people who do not have a lot of time to care for houseplants.
Peperomia Frost is a cultivar of ripple peperomia. It has rippled, rounded leaves with pointed tips. The leaves are heart-shaped, and they are silver-green colored with dark green veins. The second part of the name comes from the look of the plant, the leaves look frosted over.
The Frost plant is perfect for brightening up any living space, workspace, or bathroom. Peperomia Frost may reach a full size of 12 inches (30 cm) tall and wide after about 5 years. In many cases, the plant only grows to 8 inches (20 cm) tall and wide.
How To Grow?
You can keep your Peperomia Frost plant happy and healthy for many years with the proper care. All this flora needs is a spot with bright but indirect light, the right amount of watering, and planting in porous soil. The Peperomia plant isn’t fussy about anything in particular, which makes this an easy-care plant.
The Peperomia Frost can be grown outdoors in the USDA Hardiness zones 11-12. Peperomia prefers temperatures between 60 – 80 °F (15,6 – 26,7 °C), anything below 50 °F (10 °C) it will not tolerate. Make sure to keep it away from drafty areas, especially during winter. Since they are sensitive to cold and have no cold hardiness at all, remember to bring the plant inside before the temperatures drop below 50 °F (10 °C).
According to the ASPCA, Peperomia caperata is considered to be a non-toxic plant. You can safely keep this plant around children and pets.
When the top 50 – 75% of the Peperomias soil is dry, it needs watering. Make sure to water properly, letting the excess water flow out from the drainage holes into the saucer. Remember to not allow your plant to sit in excess water or soggy soil.
You should water your Frost plant every seven to ten days. Your Peperomia Frost will also benefit from added humidity. To add this humidity you can mist often, place a humidifier nearby or use a pebble tray.
The plant does keep spare water in its leaves and stems, so there’s no need to worry about leaving them unwatered for a couple of weeks.
Peperomia Frost needs bright, indirect light. The flora will do fine in lower light conditions, but growth may slow. Place the plant near an east, west, or south-facing window for the perfect lighting condition. This plant is not suited for intense, direct sun. Direct sun can cause the plant to get sunburned and wither away.
Soil & Fertilizer
The best pH level for this plant’s soil is 6 – 6.6, which is slightly acidic. To meet the plants’ pH level needs you can use a soil mix with a high proportion of peat moss. The best soil for Peperomia Frost is a 50 – 50 blend of peat and perlite, or equal parts peat, pearlite, and orchard bark.
This plant will benefit most from regular fertilizer. Fertilize the plant during its growing season, from spring to autumn. Feed the plant once a month during its growing season. A good fertilizer for this plant would be a general houseplant fertilizer diluted to half the recommended strength.
Because the Peperomia Frost naturally grows into a compact mound of leaves there’s no real need for pruning. Of course, you will need to cut off any damaged or diseased parts of the plant to maintain its attractive and clean look. The removal of damaged and diseased parts needs to be done when they occur year-round. If the plant, for some reason, becomes leggy you can cut it back. The Frost plant won’t mind a bit of trimming.
Propagating this plant is not difficult:
- Use clean, sharp scissors or shears.
- Cut a healthy stem, about three inches (7.5 cm) long, with a couple of leaves connected to it.
- Dip the end in rooting hormone to ensure rooting
- Plant into a small container with a new, clean, moist potting mix.
- You can also propagate by placing the end of the cutting into the water until roots appear and then repot it into the new soil.
- Place the stem in a warm partial shade.
- If using water make sure to keep the water at room temperature.
- The stem should take root in around 4 to 8 weeks.
The number one rule to remember when repotting the Peperomia Frost is to use fresh potting soil that has excellent drainage. The new pot should always have drainage holes.
Because this houseplant likes to be root-bound, you should be careful to not disturb the root ball when repotting. Another easy-care factor of this plant would be that you only need to repot this plant every two or three years. Repotting will help replenish soil nutrients to encourage healthy growth.
The most common disease you can encounter with this plant is a fungal disease. If yellow and brown spots spread across your plant, it might be fungus. This disease may be a result of over-watering your plant or watering the leaves instead of the soil.
Another common disease is root rot, caused by over-watering and too-wet soil. To save the plant from these diseases you need to trim the leaves and roots, let the soil dry completely, and finally try and get back onto the right watering routine.
Luckily the Peperomia Frost isn’t prone to many pests. However, mealybugs can be a problem if not treated quickly. You can remove these pests by spraying the plant with water, and following that up with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
This easy-care, cool-looking plant will cozy up any room. Perfect for beginner gardeners and people with busy lives. The Peperomia Frost is not rare but rather growing in popularity. Peperomia Frost is rather easy to find in any gardening store. The prices vary but this plant is worth the money. This pet-friendly and non-toxic plant will brighten up any atmosphere.