HouseplantsDecorative

Philodendron Gloriosum: A Stunning Tropical Plant

Philodendron Gloriosum

Philodendron Gloriosum is a species of plant in the family Araceae, which is native to Colombia. It is a common tropical houseplant with beautiful heart-shaped leaves and remarkable thin white veins. It is quite simple to take care of Philodendron gloriosum. If you want to grow a tropical plant with huge leaves, you definitely want to get this plant.

However, this plant is toxic to pets and people, so choose an inaccessible location for your Gloriosum. Despite being a Philodendron, gloriosum is a creeper, not a climber plant. Gloriosum also grows slower than other philodendrons, but it is worth the wait. Its worth is also confirmed by the price; this tropical plant can be rather expansive compared to other common houseplants.

Types of Philodendron Gloriosum

There are quite a few different types of Philodendron gloriosum.

  • ‘Zebra’: White distinct veins.
  • ‘Round Form’: As the name explains – this variegation has round shape leaves.
  • ‘Pink Back’: Again, quite self-explanatory. The back of the leaves is in a pink tone.
  • ‘Dark Form’: Darker green and more round leaves, with a little bit of red on the edge of the leaves.

Basic Care

Philodendron gloriosum does not require much attention; too much watering and over-fertilizing are common mistakes with this plant. However, temperature, humidity, and light are important for this plant since it is native to a tropical country – Colombia. Pruning is not really necessary with this plant; when you notice dead foliage or leaves that look unhealthy, it might be a good idea to remove those.

When potting this beautiful tropical plant, use pots that are wider but not deep. Once leaves start growing over the edge of the pot, it’s a sign that you might want to replant gloriosum to a bigger pot.

Watering

As with most tropical plants, plant it in a pot with drainage holes. You really want to make an effort to prevent root rot when caring for Philodendron gloriosum. Let the top of the soil dry at least 3 inches (7.5 cm) before watering again.

Philodendron Gloriosum in nature
Philodendron gloriosum growing in nature Source: Culbert

Climate

Tropical plants thrive in high-humidity environments; gloriosum is no different. Relative humidity should be over 50 percent; place the tropical plant near a humidifier or use a mist spray when humidity is much lower. The temperature needs to be above 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 Celsius), which generally is not a problem indoors.

Soil and Fertilizer

Regular potting soil is not an option for this plant, unfortunately. However, you can make a good mix simply at home. Mix up equal parts of perlite, orchid bark, and perlite (or sand). Some have also added charcoal to the mix. This plant can also thrive in pure sphagnum moss.

As mentioned before, it can be easy to overfertilize this plant. We recommend using a common liquid fertilizer and diluting it with water – half and half, every two months. You will notice Philodendron gloriosum will start yellowing if you give too much fertilizer.

Light

Like Pothos plants, Philodendron demands a lot of light, but not direct light. Plenty of direct sunlight will scorch the foliage. On the other hand, if it does not receive enough light, the tropical plant won’t grow.

Propagation

Propagating gloriosum is different from other propagating philodendron varieties.

  • Use a sharp tool to cut a section of the rhizome, which grows on top of the soil and has a few leaves growing out of it.
  • Leave the cutting out to dry for a few hours, letting it heal.
  • Place the cutting in moist sphagnum moss in a pot. Ensure that the moss is not overly wet.
  • Use a plastic bag to retain moisture.
  • Remove the covering plastic bag every other day for clean air
  • In 2 to 4 weeks, roots will appear. If necessary, replant to a bigger pot or a pot with a well-draining soil mix, as described before.

Common problems

Drooping Leaves

Watering and humidity level are key for Philodendron gloriosum. The most common reason for drooping leaves is overwatering or root rot because the soil retains too much moisture. Interestingly drooping leaves can also be caused by dryness as well.

Browning Leaves

When the air is too dry, you might see brown color on the edges of the foliage. Try using a mist spray regularly, or place the plant near a humidifier. Another reason might be too much direct sun.

Yellow Leaves

Mature Philodendron gloriosums can have yellow leaves at the base of the plant, which is normal and is not an indicator of any significant problems. Although with, a new plant, it is an indicator of over-fertilizing or not having enough water.