Bermuda grass is commonly used for lawns in warmer regions because it remains green throughout the summer and can withstand more foot traffic than other warm-season grasses.
Bermuda grass needs to be fertilized regularly during its growing periods to maintain a thick, lush lawn.
The right fertilizers are important to give the grass the nutrients it needs to stay healthy and pest-resistant.
This article will compare and recommend the best types of formulations and application times of fertilizers for Bermuda grass lawns.
- What Is Bermuda Grass?
- Best Fertilizers for Bermuda Grass
What Is Bermuda Grass?
Bermuda grass, otherwise known as Cynodon dactylon, is a warm-season grass native to Africa and Asia, known for its resilience, adaptability, and lush green appearance.
It is a perennial, stoloniferous, sod-forming grass that spreads via underground stems called stolons.
Bermuda grass features a fine texture and dense growth pattern, creating a carpet-like appearance when well-maintained.
It comes in a bright green color and forms a dense turf that can hold out against heavy foot traffic and recover immediately from damage.
The grass spreads through aboveground stolons and below-ground rhizomes, filling gaps and creating a uniform cover.
This grass spreads so quickly that NASA studied bermudagrass as a potential groundcover for Mars colonies.
There are several varieties of Bermuda grass, each with characteristics suited to different applications.
Common varieties include Tifway 419, Celebration, TifGrand, and Princess 77, each with varying shade, drought, and wear tolerances.
Some of the key advantages of Bermuda grass include the following:
- Heat and drought tolerance: Bermuda grass thrives in hot, arid climates where other grasses struggle. It goes dormant instead of dying in dry, heat-stressed conditions.
- Wear resistance: Once established, the dense growth habit and stolons make Bermuda highly tolerant of foot traffic. It withstands use for sports fields, golf courses, and high-traffic areas.
- Rapid growth: Bermuda spreads quickly via underground and aboveground stolons to fill bare spots. It recovers quickly from damage.
- Low maintenance: With proper care, Bermuda forms a thick lawn requiring less mowing, watering, and upkeep than other grasses
Best Fertilizers for Bermuda Grass
There are several key nutrients that Bermuda grass must receive through fertilization.
Nitrogen is important for promoting leaf growth and a dark green color.
Phosphorus encourages strong root growth, making the grass drought and stress-tolerant.
Potassium helps the grass resist disease and pest damage.
Slow-release nitrogen sources are best to avoid having to fertilize as frequently.
Organic fertilizers that also contain carbon provide food for beneficial soil microbes.
Here’s a list of some popular and effective fertilizers that are known to work well for Bermuda grass.
Option #1: Scotts Turf Builder Southern Lawn Food
Scotts Turf Builder Southern Lawn Food is well-formulated for bermudagrass lawns.
It contains Scotts All-in-One Particles that build strong, deep roots to resist heat and drought.
A balanced 32-0-10 ratio tailored for warm-season grasses like bermudagrass provides nutrients needed for healthy growth through peak periods.
Scotts Turf Builder Southern Lawn Food offers reliable nutrition to maintain Bermuda grass when used as directed on the labeling.
Option #2: Milorganite Organic Nitrogen Fertilizer
Milorganite Organic Nitrogen Fertilizer is well-suited to support bermudagrass lawns due to its slow-release organic formula.
It provides a natural source of 6% nitrogen and other nutrients in a formulation that releases slowly over months.
This allows consistent feeding through bermudagrass’ peak growing season in summer.
Milorganite supplies phosphorus and potassium to boost the grass’ health, density, and drought tolerance.
Option #3: Andersons Turf Fertilizer
Andersons Turf Fertilizer contains a balanced 12-4-8 nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium ratio tailored for warm-season grasses.
Bermudagrass requires moderate nitrogen and higher amounts of phosphorus and potassium to promote density and heat tolerance through summer.
Andersons’ delivery system provides a continuous nutrient supply over several months through selective nutrient coating layers that dissolve gradually.
Option #4: Lebanon ProScape Fertilizer
The LebanonTurf ProScape provides turf managers options like a balanced 25-0-5 formula.
This meets bermudagrass’ needs during warmer months.
The fertilizer contains their exclusive MESA technology, which releases nitrogen slowly for consistent greening without excess growth.
This gradual feeding is important for bermudagrass.
Moreover, ProScape fertilizers deliver vibrant colors through special additives like iron.
Option #5: Simple Lawn Solutions Lawn Food Natural Liquid Fertilizer
Simple Lawn Solutions is a natural liquid product containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium macros in a 16-4-8 ratio tailored for warm-season grasses like Bermuda grass.
It encourages thick green growth through nitrogen, while phosphorus and potassium deliver essential nutrients.
As Bermuda grass thrives in hot months, it needs steady fueling with balanced NPK to perform well.
Simple Lawn Solutions 16-4-8 is designed for just that purpose, maintaining a lush Bermuda grass lawn when applied regularly according to the instructions during peak growing seasons.
Bermuda grass lawns require fertilizers tailored to their needs as warm-season grass.
The best products provide a balanced ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to fuel the rapid growth bermudagrass experiences during hot summer months.
Time-release coatings are also important to feed the grass over weeks.
Following recommendations for application rates and schedules ensures bermudagrass thrives under various conditions.