What Are The Types Of Calathea?


Welcome to the beautiful world of Calathea! Whether you are a beginner or an experienced gardener, this guide will give you all the information you need on types of Calathea and how to care for them.

Calatheas come in wide varieties, each offering unique shapes, sizes, and colors. From the exotic Maranta leuconeura erythroneura, with its dark green and maroon striped leaves, to the beautiful Ctenanthe Burle-marxii, there is an array of Calathea plants just waiting to be discovered.

This blog will look at some of the most popular types of Calathea and provide valuable tips on caring for them.

What Is Calathea Plant?

Calatheas are prized for their striking foliage. These tropical plants are native to the tropical climates of Central and South America, Africa, and the West Indies.

There are dozens of species and nearly 300 cultivars categorized as Calatheas, and their leaves come in various shapes and sizes.

Wide varieties feature variegated foliage with intricate patterns and stripes in shades of green, pink, white, yellow, silver, and purple.

Popular Types Of Calathea

Some of the most popular Calatheas include.

Type #1: Zebra Plant (Calathea Zebrina)

Calathea Zebrina
Source: Wikimedia

The Zebra Plant gets its name from its unique foliage, which features alternating dark and light green stripes.

The leaves are oval-shaped and grow up to 12 inches in length, giving them a lush, elegant look when placed in the home.

Though easy to care for, the Zebra Plant requires attention to stay healthy and vibrant. It prefers indirect sunlight and should be kept in temperatures between 64-84 degrees Fahrenheit (18 – 29 Celsius).

The soil should remain moist but not soaking wet— letting the top inch of soil dry out between waterings is a good rule of thumb.

Type #2: Rattlesnake Plant (Calathea Lancifolia)

Calathea Lancifolia

Rattlesnake Plant is a unique and vibrant addition to any home. Its rich green leaves are adorned with striking yellow, cream, and white stripes in an incredibly eye-catching pattern.

The foliage is held by thin stems that can sometimes reach up to two feet tall.

This plant is a tropical species that originates from Central and South America, growing in humid, shady environments.

To keep your Rattlesnake Plant healthy and happy is not complicated. It does best with moderate indirect sunlight and constantly moist (but not soggy) soil.

Type #3: Prayer Plant (Calathea Orbifolia)

Calathea orbifolia
Source: Wikimedia

Prayer Plant comes with vibrant, variegated green leaves with a unique texture that adds interest to your home.

The leaves’ undersides are deep purple, making them even more attractive. Prayer plants are easy to care for and make excellent houseplants for beginners.

Fun Fact

The name “prayer plant” comes from its leaves opening and closing as if in prayer each day. The leaves rise during the day and then fold down at night, similar to how we greet each other when we meet.

Type #4: Eternal Flame (Calathea Crocata)

Calathea crocata
Source: Wikimedia

Eternal Flame is a popular houseplant known for its bright and vibrant foliage. Its leaves are long and narrow, with vibrant shades of green, yellow, orange, and red.

With proper care, these beautiful plants can thrive for many years.

Eternal Flame is easy to care for but requires specific conditions to stay healthy. It prefers medium to bright indirect light and should never be in direct sunlight.

It also needs regular watering, with the soil constantly moist but not soggy.

Type #5: Peacock Plant (Calathea Makoyana)

Calathea Makoyana

Peacock Plant is a delightful addition to any home with its lush green foliage and feather-like markings. The showy leaves of this tropical plant feature brightly colored ripples, stripes, or spots in purple, silver, and dark green.

This beautiful variety can reach up to 18 inches in height and does best when kept in indirect light or semi-shade areas.

When it comes to watering, the Peacock Plant requires moderate moisture levels. It’s best to water when the soil is dry and avoid over-watering, as this can lead to leaf yellowing or root rot.

Type #6: Rattlesnake Plant (Goeppertia Insignis)

Geoppertia Insignis

It is the type of Calathea that will make you say, “oh wow!” Its striking, zig-zag patterned leaves and deep purple underside give a real ‘wow’ factor to any home.

Not only does it have great looks, but it is also one of the most low-maintenance plants on the market! It can survive without full sun for days or weeks and needs only a little water to stay happy.

Its ability to tolerate all kinds of neglect makes it an excellent choice for any green-fingered novice! Plus, it’s pet-friendly—so you can enjoy this beauty without worrying about your furry friends.


Overall, Calatheas make great houseplants that are sure to add a touch of beauty and color to any home.

While there are numerous varieties of Calathea available, they all share the same need for regular watering, fertilizer, and moisture. With the proper care, you can enjoy these plants for many years!

If you’re looking for a beautiful, low-maintenance plant to spruce up your home, consider adding a Calathea to your collection. You can enjoy these vibrant plants for years with proper care and patience.

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